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Forensics

Forensics

Thanks to popular TV shows like CSI, many people probably associate the word “forensics” with crime scene investigation or more specifically, with the collection and analysis of evidence found at a crime scene. That’s not entirely correct. Forensics, as a field of study or occupation, is far broader than that, and is continually growing.

  • Natural Sciences
    • Forensic anthropology
    • Forensic dentistry
    • Forensic odontology
    • Forensic entomology
    • Forensic pathology
    • Forensic botany
    • Forensic biology
    • Forensic palynology
    • DNA profiling
    • DNA phenotyping
    • Bloodstain pattern analysis
    • Forensic chemistry
  • Social & Behavioural Sciences
    • Forensic Psychology
    • Forensic Psychiatry
    • Forensic Neuropsychology
    • Forensic Criminology
  • Criminalistic
    • Body identification
    • Fingerprint analysis
    • Forensic accounting
    • Forensic arts
    • Forensic firearm examination
    • Forensic Ballistics
    • Forensic footwear evidence
    • Forensic toxicology
    • Gloveprint analysis
    • Palmprint analysis
    • Questioned document examination
    • Vein matching
    • Toolmark analysis
    • Trace analysis

The word “forensic”

The word forensic has its roots in Roman times. It is derived from the Latin word forēnsis which means “of or before the forum”. The forum, in Roman times, was a public group of individuals – much like a modern jury – that would decide the outcome of a legal matter by hearing presentations from the accuser and the accused. The forum would consider the evidence and arguments put forward by each party, with the argument that was most supported by evidence usually being accepted as the more reliable version. The same basic principles apply today. Legal arguments are presented before a Judge, Magistrate, Adjudicator, Jury or some type of judicial officer, and the argument most supported by evidence and reason will usually triumph.

Intertel’s forensic focus